Students that reported stress from homework were more likely to be deprived of sleep. In the MetLife study, high school students reported spending more time completing homework than performing home tasks. However, Kiewra et al. The students slept an average of 6 hours 48 minutes, lower than the recommendations prescribed by various health agencies. A study done at the University of Michigan in concluded that the amount of homework given is increasing.
In a sample taken of students between the ages of 6 and 9 years, it was shown that students spend more than 2 hours a week on homework, as opposed to 44 minutes in Some educators argue that homework is beneficial to students, as it enhances learning, develops the skills taught in class, and lets educators verify that students comprehend their lessons.
Historically, homework was frowned upon in American culture. With few students interested in higher education , and due to the necessity to complete daily chores, homework was discouraged not only by parents, but also by school districts.
In , the California legislature passed an act that effectively abolished homework for those who attended kindergarten through the eighth grade. But, in the s, with increasing pressure on the United States to stay ahead in the Cold War , homework made a resurgence, and children were encouraged to keep up with their Russian counterparts. By the end of the Cold War in the early s, the consensus in American education was overwhelmingly in favor of issuing homework to students of all grade levels.
British students get more homework than many other countries in Europe. The weekly average for the subject is 5 hours. The main distinction for UK homework is the social gap, with middle-class teenagers getting a disproportionate amount of homework compared to Asia and Europe. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Homework disambiguation. H Cooper - Educational leadership , - addison. The Rules of the Game". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2 November Cooper, Harris; Robinson, Jorgianne C.
A Synthesis of Research, ". Review of Educational Research. African American and Caucasian Youth". Journal of Youth and Adolescence. Bauwens, Jeanne; Hourcade, Jack J. Journal of the Hong Kong Medical Association. The Journal of Experimental Education. American School Board Journal. The ecology of achievement". How Does Homework Help? Xu, Jianzhong; Yuan, Ruiping Teachers need to take special care when assigning homework. If the homework assignment is too hard, is perceived as busy work, or takes too long to complete, students might tune out and resist doing it.
Never send home any assignment that students cannot do. Homework should be an extension of what students have learned in class. To ensure that homework is clear and appropriate, consider the following tips from teachers for assigning homework:.
Make any necessary modifications to the homework assignment before sending it home. Identify practices that will be most helpful to individual students and have the potential to increase their involvement, understanding, and motivation to learn. The most common homework accommodations are to:. It is important to check out all accommodations with other teachers, students, and their families. If teachers, students, or families do not find homework accommodations palatable, they may not use them.
Both general and special education teachers consistently report that homework problems seem to be exacerbated by deficient basic study skills. Many students, particularly students with disabilities, need instruction in study and organizational skills. Here is a list of organizational strategies basic to homework:.
Teachers can enhance homework completion and accuracy by providing classroom instruction in organizational skills. They should talk with parents about how to support the application of organizational skills at home. Students with disabilities often need additional organizational support.
Just as adults use calendars, schedulers, lists, and other devices to self-monitor activities, students can benefit from these tools as well. Students with disabilities can monitor their own homework using a planning calendar to keep track of homework assignments. Homework planners also can double as home-school communication tools if they include a space next to each assignment for messages from teachers and parents.
Students developed their own homework calendars. Each page in the calendar reflected one week. There was a space for students to write their homework assignments and a column for parent-teacher notes.
The cover was a heavy card stock that children decorated. Students were expected to take their homework planners home each day and return them the next day to class. In conjunction with the homework planner, students graphed their homework return and completion rates. Another strategy that is linked to homework completion and improved performance on classroom assessments. The teacher built a reward system for returning homework and the planners.
On a self-monitoring chart in their planner, students recorded each time they completed and returned their homework assignment by:. If students met the success criterion, they received a reward at the end of the week, such as 15 extra minutes of recess. The teacher found that more frequent rewards were needed for students with emotional and behavioral disabilities.
Homework accounts for one-fifth of the time that successful students invest in academic tasks, yet students complete homework in environments over which teachers have no control. Given the fact that many students experience learning difficulties, this creates a major dilemma. Teachers and parents of students with disabilities must communicate clearly and effectively with one another about homework policies, required practices, mutual expectations, student performance on homework, homework completion difficulties, and other homework-related concerns.
Recommended ways that teachers can improve communications with parents include:. Ways that administrators can support teachers in improving communications include:.
A survey of primary students in regular, resource, and self-contained special education classrooms. Strategies for improving home-school communication about homework for students with disabilities. The Journal of Special Education, 33 3 , Strategies for successful homework. Recommendations for homework-communication problems: From parents, classroom teachers, and special education teachers. Remedial and Special Education, 16 4 , Implications for students with learning disabilities.
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Themed Booklists Dozens of carefully selected booklists, for kids years old. Nonfiction for Kids Tips on finding great books, reading nonfiction and more. Skip to main content. You are here Home. Many students with learning or reading disabilities find homework challenging.
Here are five research-based strategies that teachers can use to help students.
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Guides Home Education & Homework Help Middle/High School Search this Guide Search. Education & Homework Help: Middle/High School. Information for every student from preschool through adults. Homework resources, educational library programs, research help, and more. National Geographic Education - includes Homework Help for families, students and kids and teaching resources for teachers and informal educators New York Times Learning Network - Student Connections Grades - .
Make your child's homework assignments go smoothly by following homework help and strategies. Learn about homework help, and how to help your kid succeed in school. Education; Health; But those extra minutes and hours logged at home can help your kid get a leg up in the classroom.